Home Appraisals: A PrimerAcquiring a house is the largest transaction most of us will ever consider. Whether it's a primary residence, a second vacation property or an investment, purchasing real property is an involved financial transaction that requires multiple people working in concert to make it all happen.
Practically all the participants are very familiar. The real estate agent is the most recognizable entity in the exchange. Then, the mortgage company provides the money necessary to fund the deal. Ensuring all areas of the sale are completed and that a clear title transfers from the seller to the buyer is the title company.
So who makes sure the value of the property is consistent with the purchase price? This is where you meet the appraiser. We provide an unbiased estimate of what a buyer could expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional California licensed appraiser from Graham Enterprises will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
The inspection is where an appraisal beginsTo ascertain an accurate status of the property, it's our duty to first perform a thorough inspection. We must physically see features, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, and so on, to ensure they really exist and are in the shape a typical person would expect them to be. The inspection often includes a sketch of the house, ensuring the square footage is correct and conveying the layout of the property. Most importantly, the appraiser identifies any obvious amenities - or defects - that would have an impact on the value of the property.
Once the site has been inspected, we use two or three approaches when determining the value of real property: a sales comparison, a replacement cost calculation, and an income approach when rental properties are prevalent.
Replacement CostHere, the appraiser uses information on local construction costs, the cost of labor and other factors to determine how much it would cost to replace the property being appraised. This figure commonly sets the maximum on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used method.
Paired Sales AnalysisAppraisers become very familiar with the communities in which they appraise. We thoroughly understand the value of particular features to the homeowners of that area. Then, the appraiser looks up recent sales in close proximity to the subject and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the real estate at hand. Using knowledge of the value of certain items such as fireplaces, room layout, appliance upgrades, extra bathrooms or bedrooms, or quality of construction, we add or subtract from each comparable's sales price so that they more accurately portray the features of subject.
Valuation Using the Income ApproachA third method of valuing approach to value is sometimes applied when a neighborhood has a reasonable number of rental properties. In this scenario, the amount of revenue the real estate generates is factored in with other rents in the area for comparable properties to determine the current value.
Coming Up With the Final ValueAnalyzing the data from all applicable approaches, the appraiser is then ready to stipulate an estimated market value for the subject property. Note: While this amount is probably the most accurate indication of what a house would sell for in an open market, it probably will not be the final sales price. There are always mitigating factors such as seller motivation, urgency or 'bidding wars' that may adjust the final price up or down. But the appraised value is often employed as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property would likely sell for in an open marketplace. At the end of the day: An appraiser from Graham Enterprises will guarantee you get the most fair and balanced property value, so you can make profitable real estate decisions.